SECTION II.--THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF LITERATURE, ETC.
a Wisdom and knowledge, as well as virtue, diffused
generally among the body of the people, being necessary for the preservation of their
rights and liberties; and as these depend on spreading the opportunities and advantages of
education in the various parts of the country, and among the different orders of the
people, it shall be the duty of legislatures and magistrates, in all future periods of
this commonwealth, to cherish the interests of literature and the sciences, and all
seminaries of them; especially the university of Cambridge, public schools and grammar
schools in the towns; to encourage private societies and public institutions, rewards and
immunities, for the promotion of agriculture, arts, sciences, commerce, trades,
manufactures, and a natural history of the country; to countenance and inculcate the
principles of humanity and general benevolence, public and private charity, industry and
frugality, honesty and punctuality in their dealings; sincerity, good humor, and all
social affections, and generous sentiments, among the people.
a For further
provisions as to public schools, see amendments, Art. XVIII.